2013-12-11

Mind Reading, Cyborgs, And Fusion: What DARPA Wants Young Scientists To Work On

Want a glimpse into the future of science? Check out the application areas for the young faculty awards at the Defense Department's crazy research arm.

The Pentagon’s advanced research arm is always dreaming up crazy, futuristic technologies that will shape the future of the military and society. DARPA was involved in early Internet development, and these days the agency works on everything from drone-slaying lasers to humanoid robots that could save your life.

Every year, DARPA gives out young faculty awards aimed at recruiting the “rising star” researchers in academia to devote their brains to the military’s technological needs. “The long-term goal of the program is to develop the next generation of scientists and engineers in the research community who will focus a significant portion of their future careers on DoD and National Security issues,” this year's grant program announcement reads.

The agency doesn’t want these young geniuses to work on just anything, though. DARPA is seeking applications in 18 topic areas, offering some insight into the agency’s priorities and interests. Here are a couple of topics we found particularly intriguing:

How Using Twitter Changes Your Brain

The “Neurobiological Mechanisms of Social Media Processing” topic area seeks researchers to investigate how the use of social media tools affects people’s underlying thoughts and behaviors, such as their levels of empathy and social cognition.

How To Read Minds With Minimal Mess

The “Next Generation Neural Sensing for Brain-Machine Interfaces” topic area seeks improvements upon the outdated methods of implanting sensors into the brain to sense neural activity. Instead, they’d like new, non-invasive techniques for sensing the firing activities from “large numbers of single neurons simultaneously” in awake, behaving subjects. They state they are not looking for variations on the MRI method so common today.

Building A Silicon Brain

In “Neural Inspired Computer Engineering,” DARPA asks, why can’t computer systems work more like neural systems? The agency wants researchers to go beyond very simple silicon neural circuits that exist today and instead make “complex subsystems” consisting of large numbers of artificial neurons.

The Dream For Clean Energy: Nuclear Fusion

Even if successful, current approaches to creating a controlled fusion reactors would never work for military applications, which would require compact power plants. The DoD is looking for better tools to explore "Alternate Fusion Concepts"--configurations for fusion reactors that we hardly understand today, but could be promising in the future.

Welcome To Our Cyborg Future

In the "New Materials and Devices for Monitoring and Modulating Local Physiology" section, the military is looking for innovative ways to interact with localized nerve and immune functions in the human body. These next-generation implants could, according to the document, "lead to transformative therapies and regenerative medicine that are highly specific and local...and methods for continuous physiological monitoring."

The rest of the proposal areas are also technical, but make for fascinating reading. DARPA's winners get a maximum of $250,000 a year for two years to fund their work. They also have potential, if their results are particularly noteworthy, to continue receiving funding for their work. Given the military's track record of producing technologies that trickle down into civilian lives, these topics are an exciting if somewhat concerning version of the future to come.

[Image via Shutterstock]

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5 Comments

  • paradigms of the computers are statisticals, and for a time, you still need humans to read human mind, but with the right software, and the right human ressources, you could do, something close to miracle...good luck

  • Mary McGuirk

    The really important thing is it doesn't take GENIUSES to work on those projects. EVERYONE should have a two year stint in a research laboratory for the benefit of the country...Creativity is something everyone should use!

  • AlainCo

    For fusion, it seems they write things in a way that can be accepted without digging too much.

    Darpa work on some "nanotech" that few people would admit

    http://nextbigfuture.com/2012/...

    US Navy NRL (Kidwell, Dawn Dominguez,Grabowski...) study with SRI and ENEA things they should not study.

    It would be stupid that US Navy be like after Wright brothers denial a century ago.