The Mastaba of Abu Dhabi (Project for United Arab Emirates). Scale model 1979.

Christo and Jeanne-Claude looking for a possible site for the Mastaba.

Christo and Jeanne-Claude scouting locations for the site of the Mastaba.

Christo during a scale model test at the proposed site of the Mastaba.

Christo in his studio with a preparatory drawing for the Mastaba.

The Mastaba of Abu Dhabi (Project for United Arab Emirates) Collaged photographs 1979 (Detail).

The Mastaba (Project for Abu Dhabi, Al Gharbia, near Oasis of Liwa) Collage 2012.



The World's Largest Sculpture Will Be A 500-Foot-Tall Pyramid Of 410,000 Oil Barrels

Christo, the legendary public artist, has been planning the sculpture called the Mastaba for decades. Is it now about to become reality outside Abu Dhabi?

Christo and Jeanne-Claude, a husband-wife team of artists, first came up with the idea for a giant sculpture made out of multi-colored oil barrels in the late 1970s, not long after the famous 1973 oil crisis hit the United States. Any doubts about whether the Middle East (and its oil reserves) held power over the U.S. were quelled. A structure in the region made out of 410,000 oil barrels only seemed appropriate.

That sculpture was never built; political crises and other events in the Middle East put Christo and Jeanne-Claude’s project on long-term hold. Jeanne-Claude passed away in 2009, but it seems that the 500-foot-tall structure, named the Mastaba, may finally come to fruition. Christo recently told the Guardian that a site for the project was approved (though Justin Doherty, Christo’s spokesperson, tells Co.Exist that "No high-level political decision has yet been made.").

The Mastaba of Abu Dhabi (Project for United Arab Emirates) Scale model. Photo: Wolfgang Volz. © 1979 Christo

If completed, the $340 million project will be the largest permanent structure in the world—and the priciest. It will take 30 months and hundreds of people to build the sculpture, which will be placed 100 miles outside Abu Dhabi in Al Gharbia.

Christo resumed work on the Mastaba when he observed that Abu Dhabi was attempting to rebrand itself as a cultural hub, according to the Guardian. Now Christo is working with a number of organizations in the area, including the Western Region Development Council. The project will be financed by sales of Christo’s work as well as investors. "It’s an ongoing process," Doherty tells us.

The artist told the Guardian that the work isn’t political—he has used oil in previous unrelated projects—but it’s hard to not see the significance, especially now that the U.S. is set to overtake Saudi Arabia as the world’s top oil producing country. Much as the pyramids outlasted ancient Egyptian civilization, Christo’s Mastaba will last well beyond the age of Middle Eastern oil. And like the pyramids, the Mastaba will be a major tourist attraction, with a restaurant, a hotel, and an "art campus" planned for nearby.

Christo during a scale model test at the proposed site of The Mastaba. Photo: Wolfgang Volz © 2011 Christo.

The artist has said, however, that the Mastaba is inspired by a kind of Mesopotamian mud bench, not by pyramids. "The Mastaba itself is a shape that’s familiar to people in the region," explains Doherty.

Christo is perhaps best known for his work wrapping objects in large sheets. A 1995 project dubbed Wrapped Reichstag saw the German parliament wrapped in cloth; a project called Over the River that will drape a six-mile stretch of the Arkansas River in silvery fabric is set to go live in 2014. Most of his installations are temporary, but the Mastaba will be permanent.

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  • SterlingCrispin

    Does it not have material and spiritual evil as its consequences which far exceed whatever good that might result? When will our moralists give us a clear answer to this question?" 

  • Eric Tan

    The world's biggest eyesore, by Christo.
    Well, those in the shade will be happy until it starts to rust and self-destruct.  What happens during duststorms though?

  • prashant

    Well, this to me is indeed a trick. A serious plan to create a landmark however with very shallow substance to it. No offence to the artist; the kind of installations mentioned otherwise in the article is nothing but food for big headlines and no value in a world which is full of other potential areas of creating change using human intelligence and empathy.

  • Jodie

    Not only is this sculpture a HUGE waste of money and oil barrels, it's downright ugly! $340 million can buy a lot of water wells and food for third world countries. Money better spent.

  • Art History

    .....a mastaba is still an ancient Egyptian architectural form. Even sadder than the fact that the writer refers to it as Mesopitamian is the fact that the wikipedia article she linked to states that.

  • Randy Gonzalez

    An epic waste of time and money. It's so sad learning about this project on FastCompany.

  • Liliana

    "This architect's projects are temporary, but this one is permanent" - this says a lot about where his values stay: presenting ideas. From this perspective only Mastaba makes sense, especially in that area of Abu-Dhabi money and worship items: money, oil... Ego... However, globally it says "waste" and points out the derailed focus of humanity. How ironic!

  • Stunned observer

    $340 million... more proof that some people have more money than sense

  • ramubay

    I agree, and Alex Zhang's statement doesn't even make sense, the point is people don't have a sense of the worth of a dollar because they don't earn the worth of a dollar.  All the charities asking for donations, all the people hurting right now and will hurt even more in 2013 now that everyone's expenses will rise under Obama's tax hikes, and someone thinks $340M for this is a good idea?  At least when someone make a movie for a $100M it puts hundreds of people to work. This benefits only one person, the artist, and he's laughing all the way to the bank.

  • Alex Zhang

    And more proof that some people cared more about what they live then why they live.