2012-03-13

Co.Exist

The Intersection Of The Future Will Have No Stoplights

When cars drive themselves, what’s the point of everyone stopping? Where we’re going, we don’t need lights.

Google, as you may have heard, has built a fleet of cars that can drive themselves. Now the Nevada Legislature has passed a law to make those driverless cars road legal (they’ll have red license plates).

The era of truly autonomous automobiles might be right around the corner. And in anticipation, Peter Stone, a professor of computer science at the University of Texas at Austin, has designed a new kind of traffic intersection for them.

In Stone’s system, presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, there are no stop signs or traffic lights. As autonomous cars approach an intersection, they “call ahead” to a virtual traffic coordinator with information about when they’ll arrive and where they want to go. A computer program at the intersection coordinates these requests and grants the cars “reservations” to use particular routes through the intersection at particular times. The result is an efficient, carefully choreographed, and more or less continuous, flow of traffic.

You can see his system in action in the simulation that begins the video above. The white cars have reservations that guarantee their safe passage through the intersection. The yellow cars have yet to receive reservations, so they slow down or stop until they get them. Once they do, they turn white and proceed.

Stone says this system can be very fast for travelers. “The cars coordinate much more finely at the intersection, so don’t need to slow down nearly as much.” It may also be safer. Many car accidents happen at intersections, and as Stone notes, “95% of all accidents are caused by human error.” This system, he says, will eliminate those accidents.

While the simulation above assumes all cars are autonomous, Stone has also created a hybrid version of his system that would accommodate human drivers.

What’s next? Stone says his latest research “explores the possibility of changing the directionality of various lanes on a road on an hourly or even minute-by-minute basis.”

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4 Comments

  • supermandisco

    What about walking across at an intersection? The future better not be robot frogger.
    That is an excellent question, and I think the simulation of vehicles in constant flow is incorect. Building bridges for every intersection would be much too expensive. I think there has to be some modification to the driverless car scenario. I think that driverless cars will not only abide by the speed laws in unification, but will act together at an intersection as if stop lights still exist even though they are no longer there. Those mechanisms you use to alert the cross walk will also alert the car that you wish to pass and will generate a massive stopping point for the driverless cars to pause, as they do now, to allow you to walk across the street. I don't think the day of seeing the type of massive traffic flow as seen in this simulation will ever exist, because people like to walk, even if they own a car.

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  • sayshere

    What about walking across at an intersection? The future better not be robot frogger.

  • Emily

    It's not the future, its called a rotary (an intersection without stop signa or traffic lights) and I like driving, the control, the freedom, what if I need to speed?, so he better get on that little glitch, so I can drive myself amongst the robots.