2012-02-14

Co.Exist

The 10 Most Toxic New Cars On The Market

Just because you’re wearing your seat belt and have airbags doesn’t mean your car is safe. Turns out, it’s very likely filled with toxic chemicals. Find out which are the best and worst.

Ever take a whiff of that new car smell and wonder what it is exactly that you’re smelling? It is, according to HealthyStuff.org, the smell of toxic chemicals used in production off-gassing from the dashboard, seating, vehicle trim, and other interior auto parts.

The new car smell may be the biggest hint that vehicles can be toxic, but there are plenty of other nasty chemicals potentially lurking in your vehicle, including brominated flame retardants (they affect developing brains and reproductive systems), polyvinyl chloride (a carcinogenic type of plastic), and plastic additives like benzene (associated with leukemia). HealthyStuff.org released this week its annual ranking of the most and least toxic vehicles on the market. The results might surprise you.

Testing with a X-ray Fluorescence analyzer

HealthyStuff.org surveyed the vehicles using a portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyzer, which detects chemical elements close to a product’s surface, where they’re mostly likely to come in contact with drivers and passengers. The organization tested 204 new 2011-2012 models for the rankings.

First, the good news. On the whole, PVC use in vehicles is declining rapidly. In 2006, 0% of vehicles tested had PVC-free interiors. But since then, a total of 103 cars have tested PVC-free. This year, 17% of vehicles tested were free of the plastic, which can be replaced with less toxic polyurethanes and polyolefins. BFR use is also on the decline, with just 40% of vehicles tested this year containing the chemical.

Click to zoom.

This doesn’t mean that all cars are created equal. The rankings above reveal the most and least toxic new vehicles on the market based on levels of bromine, chlorine, lead and other chemicals (cars are rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the most toxic). The top 10 least toxic list is filled with just a handful of brands: Smart, Toyota, Acura, Honda, and Audi. The most toxic list contains a cross-section of brands, with Kia, Chrysler, and Mitsubishi scoring the worst.

Some automakers have made a clear commitment to change. Average ratings of Volkswagen cars improved 42% in the past year. Mitsubishi cars improved 38%, and Ford climbed 30%.

For a general rule of thumb, stick with vehicles assembled in Asia to avoid PVC, but go with European cars to avoid BFR. Pick your poison, literally. North America doesn’t provide much incentive for companies to phase out toxic chemicals (and there are minimal regulations), so U.S. vehicles often contain the most hazards.

Click here for the full list of tested vehicles. And the next time you’re in the market for a car, consider adding "minimal toxicity" to the list of qualities you’re looking for--right there alongside performance and fuel efficiency.

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5 Comments

  • Weeklyscott

    ...always buy used autos (best way to reduce is reuse). Off gassing (think new car smell) dissipates but never goes away even when that new car smell is gone. A new "top rated" car can have the same toxicity as a used lesser rated car.  Also, high heat climates activate more off gassing.  Ventilate in all climates as engine heat and defrost temps heat internal parts that blow right in your face.  Children and folks with challenged respiratory systems are even more susceptible to these toxicities.  

  • Juan Madrigal

    The link for the full list says: "The information on this site is embargoed" What's up with that?

  • Shaun Smakal

    It's a common strategy that is used to release information to a certain demographic--news media, industry peers, et. al.--that prevents it from being released until the information can be publicly published. This is most often--in my experience--used to release a scientific study, research, or report to the media to let them prepare a story, interview, or news show before the embargo date that they can then release the moment the embargo is lifted at a specific time. This gives the researcher, their organization, or funders the opportunity to release the information themselves, to as much fanfare as they want, without having to worry that someone's already broken the story and stolen their thunder.